The physical requirements of the game, the number of games per season, and the typical length of each contest combine to produce baseball’s needs-analysis.
Major League Baseball is a ground-based sport that requires explosive movement in a multi-directional environment. Outfielders typically have three steps before they must be at full speed, while infielders must be moving at maximum velocity within one to two steps. The power requirements for producing optimal bat speed raise the need for rate of force production to one step for all athletes across the board.
These performance requirements occur in a sport that has no intentional body to body contact. This fact classifies this sport, in my opinion, as one of explosive ground force reaction, with little need for additional body armor.
The major energy system goal of strength training for baseball is the development of the ATP-CP (phosphagen) energy system. For a complete review of the ATP-CP energy system, see the link for energy systems under More Information on the Physiqology of Major League Baseball at the end of this article.
The phosphagen system is designed to produce energy for muscular contraction for efforts lasting from less than one, to as long as, ten seconds. In the reality of baseball, a ten second effort almost never occurs. Exceptions that prove the rule include rundowns and in-park home runs.
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